We set out from real, active men, and on the basis of their real life‐process we demonstrate the development of the ideological reflexes and echoes of this life process. The phantoms formed in the human brain are also, necessarily, sublimates of their material life‐process, which is empirically verifiable and bound to material premises… men, developing their material production and their material intercourse, alter, along with their real existence, their thinking and the products of their thinking. Life is not determined by consciousness, but consciousness by life. Marx and Engels 1
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